Ibintu 7 by’ingenzi byerekerana n’amadini na politiki muri Isiraheli

 Ibintu 7 by’ingenzi byerekerana n’amadini na politiki muri Isiraheli

Ku gihugu gito, Isiraheli ifite umwanya ukomeye cyane mu matsinda atatu y’amadini akomeye ku isi. Igihugu cya kiyahudi cya none ntabwo ari “Igihugu cyasezeranijwe” gusa ku bayahudi, ahubwo ni igihugu cyonyine ku isi aho kigizwe na benshi mu baturage. Ku bakristu, Isiraheli ni “Igihugu Cyera,” kubera ko ariho hantu ubuzima bwa Yesu n’urupfu rwe. Kandi, ku Bayisilamu, Yerusalemu niho Intumwa Muhamadi yazamukiye mu ijuru.

Nubwo ubusobanuro bw’amadini ya Isiraheli bwatangiye mu bihe bya kera, iki gihugu kiracyitabirwa n’amahanga kubera ahanini amakimbirane ashingiye ku madini, amoko na politiki. Mu rwego rwo gushyira ingufu mu gusobanukirwa neza idini ku isi, Ikigo cy’ubushakashatsi cya Pew cyakoze ubushakashatsi bwimbitse bw’amadini muri Isiraheli, aho usanga hari amacakubiri akomeye atari hagati y’Abayahudi n’Abarabu gusa, ahubwo no mu matsinda akomeye y’Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli.

Dore byinshi mu byingenzi byagaragaye muri iyo raporo, bishingiye ku bushakashatsi bwakozwe ku Banya Isiraheli barenga 5.000, bwakozwe mu mpera za 2014 no mu ntangiriro za 2015:

1.Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli ahanini bahujwe no gukenera igihugu cyabo kuba igihugu cy’abayahudi, batitaye ku nkomoko yabo. Hirya no hino mu rwego rwo kubahiriza idini, Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli hafi ya bose (bose hamwe 98%) bashyigikiye uburenganzira bw’Abayahudi ku isi yose bwo kwimukira muri Isiraheli no kubona ubwenegihugu bwihuse (bizwi kandi no gukora aliyah). Umubare munini (91%) bavuga kandi ko igihugu cy’Abayahudi gikenewe kugira ngo Abayahudi babeho igihe kirekire – wenda igice kinini kuko hafi bitatu bya kane by’Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli (76%) babona ko kurwanya Abayahudi ari rusange kandi byiyongera hirya no hino. isi. Umubare munini w’Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli na bo bemeza ko Isiraheli igomba kwita ku Bayahudi (79%).

2. Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli bari kure y’itsinda rimwe. Mu byukuri Abayahudi bose bo muri Isiraheli bahura nimwe mu matsinda ane akomeye y’amadini: Hiloni (“uw’isi”), Masorti (“gakondo”), Dati (“umunyamadini”) na Haredi (“ultra-orotodogisi”). Hilonim ni abanyamadini bake kandi bagize hafi kimwe cya kabiri cy’abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli (49%). Muri rusange, Datiim (rimwe na rimwe bita Abayahudi ba orotodogisi ya none) muri rusange akurikiza imigenzo y’Abayahudi, ariko yinjijwe muri sosiyete ya none kurusha Haredim kandi bakunda kwisunga I buryo bwa politiki, cyane cyane ku bibazo bifitanye isano n’amakimbirane n’Abanyapalestine. Masortim yigaruriye idini ryo hagati, ariko bigaragara ko bagabanuka nkumugabane w’Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli, naho Haredim bagize umugabane wiyongera (kuri ubu 9%).

3.Imiryango y’Abayahudi ntibavuga rumwe ku bibazo bitandukanye bya politiki rusange, hamwe n’Abayahudi bubahiriza idini bavuga ko, urugero ko Isiraheli igomba guhagarika ubwikorezi rusange ku Isabato (nk’uko ahanini ibikora); abayahudi b’isi hafi ya bose bavuga ko ubwikorezi rusange bugomba gukomeza kugenda. Abayahudi bo mu nzego zitandukanye zubahiriza idini na bo bafata imyanya itandukanye ku bintu bimwe na bimwe by’ingenzi bigize igihugu cy’Abayahudi. Urugero, mu makimbirane ashingiye ku mahame ya demokarasi n’amategeko y’Abayahudi (halakha), Abayahudi ba orotodogisi bavuga ko amategeko y’abayahudi agomba gufata umwanya wa mbere (89%), mu gihe igice kinini cy’abayahudi b’isi bavuga ko ibitekerezo bya demokarasi bigomba gushyira imbere.

4.Imiterere y’idini ya Isiraheli itandukanye, Abagera kuri umunani kuri icumi (81%) Abakuze ba Isiraheli ni Abayahudi, mu gihe abasigaye ahanini ari abarabu bo mu bwoko bw’Abarabu n’Abayisilamu (14%), Abakirisitu (2%) cyangwa Druze (2%). Muri rusange, amadini mato y’abarabu muri Isiraheli yubahiriza idini kurusha Abayahudi. Kandi aya matsinda yose yitandukanije cyane n’abandi; muri Isiraheli usanga nta gushyingiranwa kw’amadini, kandi umubare munini w’Abayahudi, Abayisilamu, Abakirisitu na Druze bavuga ko inshuti zabo zose cyangwa benshi mu bagize idini ryabo bwite.

5.Birashoboka ko ikimenyetso gikomeye cyerekana imvune zikomeye muri societe ya Isiraheli ari uko hafi kimwe cya kabiri cyabayahudi bo muri Isiraheli (48%) bavuga ko abarabu bagomba kwimurwa cyangwa kwirukanwa muri Isiraheli mugihe umugabane nk’uwo (46%) utemeranya nibi. Byongeye kandi, Abayahudi n’Abarabu bo muri Isiraheli ntibavuga rumwe niba igihugu gishobora kuba igihugu cy’Abayahudi na demokarasi icya rimwe. Hafi ya bitatu bya kane (76%) by’abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli bemeza ko ibyo bishoboka, ariko ugereranije ni bake mu barabu ba Isiraheli (27%) barabyemera. Umugabane ugabanuka w’Abarabu bo muri Isiraheli bemeza ko Isiraheli n’igihugu cyigenga cya Palesitine gishobora kubana mu mahoro (74% bemeraga ibi mu 2013, ugereranije na 50% mu bushakashatsi bushya). Abayahudi bake (10%) bavuga ko ubuyobozi bwa Palesitine bushaka bivuye ku mutima amahoro, mu gihe abarabu bake bo muri Isiraheli (20%) batekereza ko leta ya Isiraheli ikurikirana amahoro koko.

6.Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli bumva bafitanye isano ikomeye n’abayahudi bo muri Amerika Hamwe na hamwe, Isiraheli na Amerika bibamo Abayahudi bagera kuri 80% ku isi yose, kandi hariho isano ikomeye hagati y’Abayahudi benshi batuye ku isi. Abayahudi benshi bo muri Isiraheli bumva ko bahuriye hamwe n’abayahudi bo muri Amerika kandi bakibwira ko abayahudi bo muri Amerika bafite uruhare runini mu bibazo bya Isiraheli. Abayahudi b’Abanyamerika nabo bafite ibyiyumvo bishyushye kuri Isiraheli. Ubushakashatsi bwakozwe mu mwaka wa 2013 ku Bayahudi bo muri Amerika bwerekanye ko benshi bavuga ko ari “cyane” (30%) cyangwa “mu buryo runaka” (39%) bakunze amarangamutima kuri Isiraheli, kandi ko kwita kuri Isiraheli ari ngombwa cyangwa ari ngombwa ku cyo kuba Abayahudi bisobanura kuri bo . Abayahudi barenga kimwe cya gatatu bagiye muri Amerika, kandi umugabane nk’uwo w’Abayahudi bo muri Amerika wagiye muri Isiraheli.

7.Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli muri rusange ni abanyamadini kurusha Abayahudi bo muri Amerika, igice kubera ko Abayahudi ba orotodogisi bagize igice kinini cy’abaturage babo. Ariko Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli nabo bafite amadini menshi kurusha Abayahudi bo muri Amerika: Birashoboka cyane ko Abayahudi bo muri Amerika bavuga ko bajya mu isinagogi buri cyumweru cyangwa nta na rimwe, mu gihe Abanyamerika b’Abayahudi bakunze kujya mu isinagogi rimwe na rimwe (urugero, inshuro nke) mwaka, nko mu minsi mikuru y’Abayahudi). Abayahudi bo mu bihugu byombi na bo bafite ibitekerezo bya politiki bitandukanye: Abagera kuri kimwe cya kabiri cy’Abayahudi bo muri Amerika (49%) bavuga ko bafite ubwisanzure mu bya politiki mu rwego rw’Abanyamerika, mu gihe 8% by’Abayahudi bo muri Isiraheli bishyira ibumoso bwa politiki ya Isiraheli. Izi nzego ebyiri za politiki (ubuntu / bushyize mu gaciro / abagumyabanga muri Amerika n’ibumoso / hagati / iburyo muri Isiraheli) byerekana inyenyeri zitandukanye z’ibitekerezo ku bibazo bya politiki, ubukungu n’imibereho myiza muri buri gihugu. Nubwo bimeze bityo ariko, muri Isiraheli ndetse no muri Amerika, Abayahudi b’amadini bakunda kwishimangira cyane iburyo, mu gihe Abayahudi benshi b’isi ari abakristu cyangwa abigenga

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