Inkomoko y’amadini menshi ya Gikirisitu ku isi

 Inkomoko y’amadini menshi ya Gikirisitu ku isi

Nyuma yaho yezu kristu apfiriye ubukristu bugasakara mu isi by’umwihariko mu burayi(Europe) bukwirakwije n’abaromani nk’ubwami bwari bukomeye muri icyo gihe.

Catholic ryari ryo dini ryonyine ryari ryemewe icyo gihe n’amaleta mu bihugu bitandukanye by’iburayi.

Muri icyo gihe bivugwa ko kiriziya yari ikize cyane kandi ifite imbaraga (igisirikare) dore ko yari ifite ubutaka n’imitungo myinshi (kiriziya yari ikomeye cyane dore ko nta muntu wari wemerewe kuyigumuraho uko yabaga ameze kose.Abahanga batanga nk’urugero ko nka 1/2 cy’ubutaka bw’ubufaransa icyo gihe cyari icya kiriziya.

Taliki 31/10/1517 nibwo umudage witwa Martin Luther wari umucardinal yaba yarabonye ko muri kiriziya haba harimo bimwe mu bintu bikorerwamo bihabanye n’ukwemera kw’Imana,yahise yandika icyo yise amakosa 95 yanengaga kiriziya(95 theses)

Muri ayo harimo:

-indulgenciya:ibi bwari uburyo watangaga amafaranga ukababarirwa ibyaha wakoze.

Bivugwa ko mu gihe cya Martin luther kiriziya yari ikeneye amafaranga cyane bitewe n’uko hari harabaye gusesagura umutungo wa kiriziya ibi byatumye hafatwa ingamba zo kuyashakira mu bakiristu batangira gukora ibihabanye nko kugurisha amasakaramenu no gutanga imbabazi z’ibyaha(indulgenciya)

-Igurishwa ry’amasakaramenu

-yabonaga papa ububasha yarafite bwagabanwa.

-kuba bibiliya yarandikwaga mu kilatini gusa(nta mukiristu wemerewe kuyitunga)

-kuba misa yarasomagwa mu kilatini gusa

-kuba abapadiri aribo bari bemerewe kuririmba mu rusengero(martin L. Niwe wazanye chorale ahita ahimba indirimbo nyinshi n’ubu zimwe zirakoreshwa)

N’ibindi byinshi……

Papa yamutegetse gukuraho ayo makosa yari yanditse arabyanga papa amwirukana burundu muri kiriziya,yahise yandika bibiliya mu rurimi rw’ikidage ibintu ubundi bitari byemewe yahise abona abayoboke benshi dore ko icyo gihe kiriziya yari yararembeje abantu ibaka amaturo n’ibindi.

Ibi byiyongereye kukuba abantu barahise batangira kwisomera bibiliya kuruta uko bayisomerwaga bamenya bimwe batari bazi.Nguko uko amadini y’abahakanyi yavutse(eglise protestant) mu burayi hose.

Nyuma yaho umwami w’ubwongereza mu 1534 Henri VIII ngo yaba yarasabye ko papa clement VII yamureka agasezerana n’undi mugore kuko uwo yarafite atabyaraga abahungu(Catheline Aragon) papa arabyanga dore ko n’ubundi kiriziya itemera gusezeranya 2 igihe umwe mu bashaka gusezera akiriho,ahita ategeka abongereza bose kuva kuri kiriziya gatorika ku ngufu ashinga idini rishya ryiswe Anglican gusa ntiyigeze ahindura ibintu byose,niyo mpamvu mubona abasengera muri Anglican hari ibyo bajya guhuza na catholic

Nyuma y’izi mpinduramatwara zahitanye benshi cyane mu burayi.

dore ko ibi byakuruye intambara hirya no hino mu bihugu kiriziya itinya gutakaza abayoboke kuko akenshi wasanga kiriziya yarivanze n’ubutegetsi bwite bwa leta,nibwo byahise byorohera buri wese gushinga idini rya gikiristu.

Aya niyo madini afite abayoboke benshi ku isi gusa abantu benshi bahindura amadini n’amatorero umunsi ku wundi bandi ibyo gusenga bakabivamo Iyi mibare ihora ihinduka.

-Chrétiens(abakristu) (2,355 milliards:

-Catholiques (1,2 milliard)

-Protestants (440 millions)

-Chrétiens indépendants (370 millions)

-Orthodoxes (280 millions)

-Anglicans (92 millions)

-Autres chrétiens(andi madini ya gikristu):(38 millions)

*Musulmans (1,635 milliard)

*Hindous (982 millions)

*Non-religieux (684 millions)

*Bouddhistes (510 millions)

*Religions chinoises (433 millions)

*Religions tribales (243 millions)

*Athées (136 millions)

*Nouvelles religions (NMR) (63 millions)

*Sikhs (25 millions)

*Juifs (15 millions)

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