kugwa kwa Yerusalemu maze ubuhungiro i Babuloni buratangira ubwo

 kugwa kwa Yerusalemu maze ubuhungiro i Babuloni buratangira ubwo

2 Abami 25: 1-21 Umwami Zedekiya wo mu Buyuda bigometse muri 589BC na Yeruzalemu bagoswe umwaka urenga n’umwami Nebukadinezari. Amaherezo, inkuta zarasenyutse muri Nyakanga 587BC, Zedekiya arafatwa, ajyanwa i Babiloni.

Kugwa kwa Yerusalemu

Nyuma yo kwigomeka kwa Zedekiya mu 598BC, Nebukadinezari w’i Babiloni yahinduye umujinya we i Yeruzalemu, amaherezo yigarurira umujyi muri Nyakanga 587BC nyuma yo kugotwa igihe kirekire bimara umwaka n’igice. Zedekiya aratoroka n’ijoro ahungira ku ruzi rwa Yorodani, ariko Abanyababiloni baragenda baramukurikirana, bamufata hafi ya Yeriko. Zedekiya yajyanywe imbere ya Nebukadinezari i Riblah, hafi ya Hamati, ahuma amaso ajyana i Babuloni iminyururu (reba Yeremiya 39: 1-7).

Mu mezi make yakurikiyeho, Urusengero n’ingoro y’ibwami i Yeruzalemu byasenywe n’umuriro kandi inkuta z’umujyi zisenywa na Nebuzaradan, umuyobozi w’ingabo z’abami b’i Babiloni. Amabati yose ya feza n’ibikoresho by’umuringa byo mu rusengero byarafatiriwe byoherezwa i Babiloni. Inkingi nini z’umuringa hamwe n’ikibindi cyo gukaraba cy’umuringa (‘Inyanja ya Bronze’) cyavanyweho kirashonga kugira ngo cyongere gukoreshwa (reba 2 Abami 25: 8-21). Iherezo rimwe rishobora kuba ryarahuye n’ibintu byiza bya zahabu n’ubutunzi bwo mu rusengero byari bimaze kujyanwa i Babiloni hashize imyaka cumi n’umwe (reba 2 Abami 24:13).

Umuhanuzi Yeremiya  wari wahanuye ko Yeruzalemu izagwa kandi akaba yaragerageje  kugira ngo yumvishe Zedekiya kwiyegurira Imana yakijijwe na Nebuzaradan mu bari  bajyanywe mu bunyage mu nkambi yari i Ramah, mu majyaruguru ya Yeruzalemu. Yeremiya yahawe igihembo cyo kubaho i Babuloni, ariko ahitamo kuguma i Mizpah arinzwe na Gedeliya, guverineri mushya wa Babiloni (reba Yeremiya 40: 1-6).

Hagati aho, umutambyi mukuru n’abajyanama b’umwami barafatwa baricwa, maze abaturage ba Yuda bajyanwa mu bunyage i Babiloni. Gusa bake mu bakozi bakennye cyane mu buhinzi basigaye inyuma kugirango barere imizabibu n’imirima ikikije.

2 Abami 25: 22-27 Gedeliya yagizwe guverineri w’u Buyuda na Nebukadinezari mu 587BC. Bamwe mu basirikare bakuru b’Abayuda n’abasirikare bitandukanyije bakihisha kwiyegurira Gedeliya i Mizpah. Kubera ko batigeze barwana n’Abanyababuloni, bahabwa isambu yo guhinga mu midugudu ikikije u Buyuda.

Nyuma y’amezi arindwi, muri 586BC, Ishimayeli (ukomoka ku mwami w’u Buyuda) yishe Gedeliya i Mizpah hanyuma ahungira mu Misiri . Abandi Bayahudi b’i Mizpa na bo bahisemo guhungira mu Misiri, bajyana n’umuhanuzi Yeremiya (Reba Yeremiya 40-44).

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