Ubunyage bwa Babuloni / ubuhunzi bwari ubuhe?

 Ubunyage bwa Babuloni / ubuhunzi bwari ubuhe?

Ubunyage bwa Babuloni cyangwa ubuhungiro bivuga igihe cy’amateka ya Isiraheli igihe abayahudi bajyanwaga bunyago n’umwami Nebukadinezari wa II wa Babuloni. Ni gihe cy’ingenzi cy’amateka ya Bibiliya kuko haba imbohe / ubuhunzi no kugaruka no kugarura ishyanga ry’abayahudi byari isohozwa ry’ubuhanuzi bwo mu Isezerano rya Kera.

Imana yakoresheje Babuloni nk’umukozi wayo wo gucira Isiraheli ibyaha byabo byo gusenga ibigirwamana no kumwigomekaho. Mu byukuri habaye ibihe byinshi bitandukanye muriki gihe (607-586 mbere ya Yesu) igihe Abayahudi bajyanwaga bunyago na Babuloni. Hamwe na buri gihe cyo kwigomeka ku butegetsi bwa Babiloni, Nebukadinezari yayoboraga ingabo ze kurwanya u Buyuda kugeza igihe bagose Yeruzalemu umwaka urenga, bica abantu benshi kandi basenya urusengero rw’Abayahudi, bafata Abayahudi ibihumbi n’ibihumbi, basiga Yeruzalemu mu matongo.

Nkuko byahanuwe mu Byanditswe Byera, Abayahudi bari kwemererwa gusubira i Yerusalemu nyuma y’imyaka 70 mu buhungiro. Ubwo buhanuzi bwasohoye mu 537 mbere ya Yesu, kandi Abayahudi bemerewe n’Umwami Kuro w’Ubuperesi gusubira muri Isiraheli bagatangira kubaka umujyi n’urusengero. Kugaruka bayobowe na Ezira byatumye habaho ububyutse mu Bayahudi no kongera kubaka urusengero.

Ku ngoma y’Umwami Nebukadinezari wa II, Ingoma y’i Babuloni yakwirakwiriye mu Burasirazuba bwo Hagati, maze ahagana mu 607 Mbere ya Yesu, Umwami Yehoyakimu w’u Buyuda ahatirwa kuyoboka, aba umutware wa Nebukadinezari (2 Abami 24: 1). Muri icyo gihe, Nebukadinezari yajyanye abasore benshi beza kandi bamurika muri buri mujyi wa Yuda imbohe, barimo Daniyeli, Hananiya (Shaduraki), Mishaeli (Meshaki) na Azariya (Abednego). Yehoyakimu wo mu Buyuda amaze imyaka itatu akorera Nebukadinezari, yigometse ku butegetsi bwa Babiloni, yongera kwitabaza Misiri kugira ngo imushyigikire. Nyuma yo kohereza ingabo ze guhangana n’ubwigomeke bwa Yuda, Nebukadinezari ubwe yavuye i Babiloni mu 598 mbere ya Yesu. gukemura ikibazo. Ageze i Yeruzalemu ahagana muri Werurwe 597 mbere ya Yesu, Nebukadinezari yagose Yeruzalemu, yigarurira ako gace, arasahura, ajyana imbohe n’umuhungu wa Yehoyakimu, Yehoyakini, umuryango we, ndetse n’abaturage ba Yuda hafi ya bose, hasigara abakene gusa. abantu bo mu gihugu (2 Abami 24: 8-16).

Muri icyo gihe, Nebukadinezari ashyiraho umwami Zedekiya kugira ngo amutegeke kuba uhagarariye u Buyuda, ariko nyuma y’imyaka icyenda kandi atarabona isomo ryabo, Zedekiya yayoboye u Buyuda mu kwigomeka i Babuloni ku nshuro ya nyuma (2 Abami 24-25). Yayobowe n’abahanuzi b’ibinyoma kandi yirengagiza umuburo wa Yeremiya, Zedekiya yahisemo kujya mu ihuriro ryashinzwe na Edomu, Mowabu, Amoni na Fenisiya mu kwigomeka kuri Nebukadinezari (Yeremiya 27: 1-3). Ibyo byatumye Nebukadinezari yongera kugota Yeruzalemu. Yerusalemu yaguye muri Nyakanga 587 cyangwa 586 mbere ya Yesu, maze Zedekiya ajyanwa mu bunyage i Babuloni nyuma yo kubona abahungu be biciwe mbere ye hanyuma bakuramo amaso (2 Abami 25). Muri icyo gihe, Yerusalemu yarasenyutse, urusengero rusenya amazu yose arashya. Abenshi mu Bayahudi bajyanywe bunyago, ariko, nanone, Nebukadinezari yasize abasigaye mu bakene kugira ngo babe abahinzi n’imizabibu (2 Abami 25:12).

Igitabo cyo mu 2 Ngoma 2 n’abami kivuga ku gihe kinini kiganisha ku kugwa k’Ubwami bw’Amajyaruguru na Yuda. Bavuga kandi ku kurimbuka kwa Yerusalemu na Nebukadinezari n’intangiriro y’ubunyage bwa Babiloni. Yeremiya yari umwe mu bahanuzi mu gihe cyabanjirije kugwa kwa Yeruzalemu no mu buhungiro, kandi Ezekiyeli na Daniyeli banditswe igihe Abayahudi bari mu buhungiro. Ezira avuga ku kugaruka kw’Abayahudi nk’uko byasezeranijwe mu myaka 70 mbere y’Imana binyuze ku bahanuzi Yeremiya na Yesaya. Igitabo cya Nehemiya kivuga kandi ku kugaruka no kwiyubaka kwa Yeruzalemu nyuma y’ubuhunzi burangiye.

Ubunyage bwa Babuloni bwagize ingaruka zikomeye ku ishyanga rya Isiraheli igihe ryasubiraga mu gihugu – ntirizongera kwangizwa no gusenga ibigirwamana n’imana z’ibinyoma zo mu bihugu bidukikije. Ububyutse mu Bayahudi bwabaye nyuma yo kugaruka kwAbayahudi muri Isiraheli no kongera kubaka urusengero. Turabona izo nkuru muri Ezira na Nehemiya nkuko ishyanga ryongeye kugaruka ku Mana yabakijije abanzi babo.

Nkuko Imana yari yarasezeranije ibinyujije ku muhanuzi Yeremiya, Imana yaciriye Abanyababiloni ibyaha byabo, maze Ingoma ya Babiloni igwa mu ngabo z’Ubuperesi mu 539 Mbere ya Yesu, byongeye kwerekana ko amasezerano y’Imana ari ukuri.

Igihe cyimyaka mirongo irindwi yubunyage bwa Babuloni nigice cy’ingenzi mumateka ya Isiraheli, kandi abakristo bagomba kubimenyera. Kimwe nibindi bintu byinshi byabaye mu Isezerano rya Kera, iyi nkuru yamateka yerekana ubudahemuka bw’Imana kubantu bayo, urubanza rwayo, nicyemezo cyamasezerano yayo.

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